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What is CBD?

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Comprehensive Guide to CBD (Section 1)

A Brief Introduction To CBD

What is CBD? In the most basic terms, it is an oil that can be extracted from the leaves or flowers of a cannabis plant. This oil can then be processed into different mediums, such as salves or gummies and used as a wellness supplement. As the legal CBD industry is still relatively young, many people have questions or misconceptions about what CBD is and is not. In this section, we will break down where CBD comes from, how it is cultivated, the differences between CBD and THC, and some common questions new users have.

Hemp or Marijuana?

Marijuana is often the first thought that pops into someone’s head when they think about cannabis plants. Both strains of marijuana, tall, spindly Indica and shorter, fluffy Sativa, as well as new, hybrid strains which have been created using cross pollination

methods, are used to produce flowers rich in delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. This psychoactive compound causes the “high” many people associate with marijuana and cannabis.

Due to its high volume of THC, marijuana is a Class 1 controlled substance in the United States. While marijuana does fall under the technical umbrella of being a “drug,” it has many medicinal uses, leading several states to pass legislation allowing its cultivation for medical purposes. And a few, including Alaska, Colorado and Washington have even made recreational use legal.

While hemp does come from a cannabis plant, its chemical structure differs from marijuana. Hemp is typically cultivated from Indica plants and is prized for its strong fibers used to create textiles and building materials. In addition, the hemp must have less than a 0.3% THC concentration to be grown commercially, which means it does not produce a “high.”

Most hemp strains also contain very limited cannabinoids and terpenes, two compounds that make the cannabis plant desirable for CBD production. However, due to the current federal laws surrounding cannabis growth, most CBD products currently available come from these low compound plants.

CBD Wellness Store products, on the other hand, are produced using phytocannabinoid-rich, or PCR, hemp. This strain contains ten times the concentration of CBD as different hemp strains while maintaining negligible amounts of THC.

CBD Oil Varieties

CBD production is a rapidly expanding industry with a multitude of varieties and terms that can be confusing or overwhelming to a new customer. So let’s take a look at and compare some of the current oils available.

PCR Hemp vs. Marijuana

The process for extracting CBD from marijuana is the same as hemp, but the finished products are very different. Oils from a marijuana plant contain CBD, but they also have a significant level of THC and are intended to cause a high. These levels mean that these oils fall under the Controlled Substances Act and are federally illegal. Because of this, we are not going to focus on these oils, nor are we going to focus on oils made from low cannabinoid and terpene level industrial hemp. For the duration of this article, our sole focus will be on CBD oil made from PCR hemp.

Raw vs. Concentrate

The term “raw” refers to CBD oil in its most basic form when it has been extracted from the plant and not refined in any way. In this form, the oil still contains compounds such as chlorophyll and naturally occurring waxes, which can dilute the potency and make the product less effective. These compounds can be removed through a series of distillations and filtrations, refining the oil into a more pure form. This process allows cultivators to control the purity and produce oils with varying potency levels. These refined CBD oils are called distillates or concentrates and are the main source of CBD used in gummies and other edibles.

Full Spectrum vs. Broad Spectrum

In their raw form, CBD oils made from PCR hemp contain all of their naturally occurring terpenes, cannabinoids, and compounds. In other words, the full spectrum of compounds.

Broad-spectrum oils are very similar to full-spectrum oils in that they also contain all of the plants’ naturally occurring terpenes and cannabinoids. However, these oils have undergone filtration to remove any trace of THC from the final product. This filtration makes them an ideal choice for people who want absolutely no THC in their oil.

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CBD Isolate

CBD, or cannabidiol, is a cannabinoid compound that is a colorless, odorless crystal in its most pure state. While CBD that has been refined into this state, known as CBD isolate, is easily added to edibles or consumed directly. However, it is missing terpenes and other beneficial compounds which occur naturally in a cannabis plant.

CBD Rich

The oil labeled “CBD rich” is oil that has gone through the distillation steps to remove waxes and chlorophyll. Therefore, it is a more purified product similar to a concentrate.

CBD Infused

“CBD Infused” can refer to any product with a CBD concentrate or isolate added. Be sure to check product labels to see exactly which type of CBD product has been added, as different compounds produce different benefits.

Common CBD Terms

Here are a few more terms you may hear or read when trying to choose which CBD product is right for you.

  • Hemp Extract: unless otherwise specified, an oil extracted from industrial quality hemp plants.
  • Hemp Seed Oil: an oil produced from the hemp plant’s seeds; it does not contain CBD or THC.
  • Distillate: another term for CBD concentrate.
  • Edibles: food or drink, often baked goods or gummies which have been infused with CBD oils
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CBD FAQs

With all of the terminology and different products surrounding the CBD industry and the fact that it has only become a mainstream market in the last few years, it’s easy to see why some people have questions. So let’s look at some of the most frequently asked questions about CBD.
From early in the discussion, you may remember that CBD oils contain only trace amounts of THC, the compound that creates the feeling of being high. This is because CBD does not interact with the same receptors in the brain as THC and does not create an altered state of mind. Instead, CBD interacts with receptors that are tied to nervous and immune system functions. This means that instead of making you feel high, CBD helps to reduce inflammation and promotes feelings of tranquility. CBD Wellness Store products undergo a refining process that extracts all THC while leaving the other cannabinoids and terpenes intact. This is an important thing to note in any CBD product you purchase because THC compounds may cause you to fail a drug test at work.
CBD is a biphasic compound, which means it has opposite effects depending on the dosage. In low doses, it helps with focus and overall mood improvement. However, CBD has a soothing effect in higher doses and is often used to help people who have trouble sleeping.
Thanks to the Pen Ts’ao Ching, we know that cannabis was being used in teas and ointments as early as 2737 B.C. The first records of cannabis being brought to America date to the 1600s when it was cultivated on plantations for use in textile making.
The simple answer is, “yes, CBD is safe for animals.” But, many factors affect proper dosage, such as the concentration of the CBD product and the size and energy level of your pets. There are nearly as many CBD products marketed toward pet wellness as those for humans. These products can help with issues ranging from skin allergies, anxious behaviors and mobility with older pets. However, like with any new supplement, it is advised that you speak to a veterinarian who is well versed in CBD products before giving anything to your pet.
There is such a thing as “too much of a good thing,” which is true for CBD. If you are unsure of how large of a serving you require, or the product you are using is not labeled correctly, it is possible to take “too much.” Luckily CBD is non-toxic, and one of the most common side effects of too high of a dose is the desire for a relaxing nap. In order to see actual adverse reactions, you would have to take an astronomical amount of CBD.

The CBD oils with the highest potency are ones that still maintain the full spectrum of natural cannabinoids and terpenes. Because they retain all of their naturally occurring compounds, these full-spectrum oils work the way nature intended and have excellent results.

 

Some people are uncomfortable with full-spectrum oils as they still retain the naturally occurring THC compound. However, keep in mind that these oils contain less than .3% THC due to federal regulations.

 

If you are entirely opposed to taking a supplement that contains THC, you can still get potent, high-quality CBD products. Broad-spectrum oils have zero THC while maintaining all of the other beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes, which means you will still receive the full entourage effect.

CBD edibles and oil capsules are convenient ways to ingest your CBD. However, before your body can begin to see the positive effects, the product must be digested, which can take anywhere from 45 minutes to an hour. This method also risks losing some of the product’s bioavailability to fatty acids in your stomach. Tinctures are a quicker method, taking only 10 to 15 minutes before you begin to feel the effects.

 

One of the most essential components of the CBD timetable is the size of the CBD particles in the product. At the CBD Wellness Store, we use a cutting-edge technology known as “nanoemulsion,” which allows us to produce the smallest CBD particles on the market and increases our products’ bioavailability.

Comprehensive Guide to CBD (Section 2)

Compounds Found in CBD

Cannabis plants produce several compounds that, when ingested, interact with our brains and bodies in different ways. We have already touched on some of these compounds, like THC and CBD. This section will take a closer look at the compounds found in CBD oils and how they are beneficial to the user.

Cannabinoids

A collection of active compounds found in the cannabis plants called phytocannabinoids commonly shortened to cannabinoids. These compounds include cannabidiol (CBD), cannabichromene (CBC), and cannabigerol (CBG). These compounds interact directly with receptors in our brains and are responsible for most of the health benefits related to cannabis plants. Cannabinoid receptors in our brains actually outnumber many other types of receptors, meaning that learning how to activate and use them could have an astounding impact on how we treat issues such as mood disorders and chronic inflammation.

Common Cannabinoids

Cannabis plants produce a wide range of different cannabinoids that each yield unique reactions in our bodies. Here is a quick breakdown of those compounds. Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)- the most common cannabinoid in cannabis plants and the source of the sought-after high created by marijuana consumption. Cannabidiol (CBD)-the second most common cannabinoid, has no psychotropic effects and will not produce a feeling of being high. Cannabichromene (CBC)- the third most common compound; like CBD, it has no mind-altering effects. Instead, CBC is believed to help reduce inflammation by supporting joint and muscle function. Cannabinol (CBN) – used to support joint and muscle function, as well as combat insomnia. Cannabigerol (CBG) – another non-psychoactive compound used to support moods and combat inflammation. Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCv) – similar in structure and reaction to THC; however less psychoactive. Delta(8) THC – similar to Delta-9 THC, but with lessened psychoactive effects; used to combat anxiety and promote relaxation. Cannabidivarin (CBDv) -similar in structure and results to CBD. THCa and CBDa – non-psycotropic compounds produced by cannabis plants.

Endocannabinoids

Endocannabinoids are another classification of cannabinoids; however, these are produced by our bodies and the bodies of other mammals, not plants. Endocannabinoids operate within our bodys’ Endocannabinoid system, helping to relay messages from cell receptors to our brains. When a system in our body has slipped out of alignment and is no longer operating in the way it should, the system will send neurotransmitters (like endocannabinoids) to our brains. Our brain will then decode the cellular message and send out instructions to realign the system. The two endocannabinoids that scientists currently know of and are actively studying are called anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylyglyerol (2-AG). These molecules bind to CB1 or CB2 receptors, depending on your body’s current need. CB1 receptors are mainly found in our central nervous system and they target issues around pain. CB2 receptors reside in our peripheral nervous system and their main interaction is with our immune system.

Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

The human endocannabinoid system is a relatively new discovery, and scientists are still working to determine the full scope of its impact on our bodies. However, we know that it uses endocannabinoids and a vast army of receptors to help keep our bodies balanced. If your body is affected by an outside force such as pain from an injury or an illness, your ECS jumps into action, sending help to your nervous and immune systems to get things back on track.

 

Even though we are still learning about the many functions of our ECS, researchers have big hopes for this complex system. Some researchers even believe that a deeper understanding of this system that greatly impacts inflammation, may lead to treatments for issues like migraines and fibromyalgia, which have no current known cause.

Ironically, the initial studies of our ECS were undertaken in hopes of further vilifying the cannabis plant and its categorization as a “dangerous” drug. However, what was discovered instead is an amazing and deeply beneficial system that effects a wide range of our bodily systems including:

 

  • appetite and metabolism
  • chronic pain
  • mood and stress
  • inflammation
  • motor control
  • sleep
  • reproductive health
  • learning and memory

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Terpenes

An aromatic compound found in many plants; terpenesare responsible for how our brains perceive smells and flavors. In nature, these molecules work to attract pollinators and ward off predators that might be harmful to a plant. And in humans, they can affect our moods which is why they have been used for centuries in aromatherapy. For example, lavender and eucalyptus are known for being calming and helping to reduce stress. Whereas citrus scents like orange or grapefruit are cheerful and stimulating. Cannabis is the most terpene-rich plant on the planet, so it’s easy to see how it helps affect positive changes in our moods. Terpenes also interact with and alter the behavior of cannabinoids and their receptors in what is known as the entourage effect.

The Entourage Effect

In the same way that copper, when mixed with tin, becomes bronze, which is stronger than both. Or cookies, when dipped in milk, become more delicious; terpenes and cannabinoids are better together. This occurrence is known as the entourage effect, and it leads to richer, more effective CBD oils. As we mentioned earlier, some oils use pure CBD, with all other compounds filtered out of it. Unfortunately, this oil lacks the positive advantages of the interactions between terpenes and cannabinoids, and therefore, we do not recommend it,

Comprehensive Guide to CBD (Section 3)

The Benefits of CBD Oil

The study of cannabinoids has skyrocketed in the last half a century, but we are still just scratching the surface of these amazing molecules and how they impact our bodies. We are beginning to get an idea of how they act within the endocannabinoid system, but the system itself is still essentially a mystery. What we do know is that our ECS has a positive impact on a vast range of bodily systems and that CBD is a crucial component in that impact. While discovering the full scope of these systems may take many more years, new research is being published regularly on the topic. In this section, we will look at some of the histories of CBD research and the benefits that have been discovered.

A Brief CBD History

In 1968 the University of Mississippi’s Department of Pharmacology was granted a contract to begin growing marijuana for the purpose of studying its effects. They set up a garden using seeds from a wide range of countries around the globe including Mexico, Korea and Iran.
That same year, the United Kingdom’s Advisory Committee on Drug Dependence issued a statement indicating “the long-term consumption of cannabis in moderate servings has no harmful effects…Cannabis is less dangerous than opiates, amphetamines, and barbiturates, and also less dangerous than alcohol.”

 

However, despite these positive steps forward, only a few years later, in 1970, the United States government classified marijuana as a Schedule 1 drug, making it “a drug with a high potential for abuse and no medicinal value.” Putting the plant in the same category as heroin, crack, and PCP and designating it more dangerous than methamphetamine.

 

Shortly after this designation, due to an outcry from officials at State and Federal levels, then-President Richard Nixon appointed a committee to review marijuana laws. In 1972, the committee returned with their findings and recommended that cannabis be decriminalized nationwide. However, Nixon disregarded their conclusions, and cannabis remains a Schedule 1 drug.
Unhappy with the Presidents decision, lawmakers at the State level began to make changes, and between 1973 and 1979, eleven states decriminalized the possession of cannabis.

 

In 1976, Robert C. Randall won a court case in D.C. Superior Court, making him the first legal, medical marijuana user in U.S history. This victory led to a lifetime of advocacy for change in medical marijuana laws.


Thanks in large part to the precedent set by Mr. Randall, in 1978, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) began supplying “compassionate use” rights to several patients whose doctors had applied under the new Investigational New Drug Applications (IND) rules. This loosening of restrictions around medical marijuana use opened the door for the influx of discoveries that have occurred in the years since.

 

A decade later, the first cannabinoid receptor was found in the brain of a lab rat. Four years after that, in 1992, researchers Raphael Mechoulam, William Devane, and Dr. Lumir Hanus discovered the first endocannabinoid, opening up a whole new area of study.

 

In 1993 there was another push to remove cannabis from its Schedule 1 classification and instead list it as a Schedule 2. Schedule 2 drugs are listed as having a high risk of abuse but also have recognized medicinal purposes. This attempt was unsuccessful, and so were the numerous attempts made since, despite mountains of evidence in favor of the medical benefits of cannabis.

Despite the Federal government’s refusal to budge, States are making their own decisions, and as of 2022, 37 states have legalized medical marijuana, and 11 have legalized recreational use. At this time, only Idaho, Nebraska, and Kansas fully restrict residents’ access to cannabis.

What We Know About CBD

What we know about CBD and the cannabis plant as a whole is an ever expanding field of knowledge. New reports and studies are coming out all of the time with new benefits and uses for these amazing compounds. We won’t go in depth into all of the discoveries, but lets look at some of the most important ones.

Our Moods

There is a scientific link between CBD and being in a better mood. This is because CBD affects the production levels of an endocannabinoid called anandamide. When our nervous system produces anandamide, it signals receptors in our brains to increase serotonin levels. Serotonin is often referred to as the “bliss molecule” because of its profound impact on our happiness and mental wellness. Conversely, low levels of serotonin have been linked to depression and anxiety. By increasing the level of serotonin in our bodies, CBD helps produce feelings of ease and contentment. This is what makes CBD such an effective supplement for people who suffer from anxiety or are dealing with a lot of stress in their daily life. Some people will keep CBD with them and take it if they are noticing the first signs of stress or anxiousness. Others prefer to take a small dose each morning and head off the feelings of unease before they can even start to form.

CBD and Our Sleep Schedules

Shallow or broken sleep can result in irritability, foggy brains, low energy levels, and if allowed to continue for too long, a lack of sleep can have serious negative consequences for our health. Our body accomplishes so many important tasks while we are sleeping, from shoring up our immune systems to repairing cells that have been damaged. Without the proper amounts of sleep our bodies begin to fall into cellular disrepair. In addition to improving our overall moods, CBD-induced serotonin helps regulate our body’s sleep cycles and allows us to enjoy optimal rest. This is why sleep support is one of the most popular uses for CBD products.

CBD and Our Immune Systems

Most of us know someone who suffers from some form of overactive immune system and the inflammation that comes with that. Data already shows that cannabinoids help regulate and reduce inflammation, and now researchers are curious as to whether CBD could be used as an immunosuppressant. Preliminary studies conducted on animals show great promise that one day soon, CBD and our cannabinoid receptors could play a crucial part in the treatment of things like lupus and fibromyalgia.

Comprehensive Guide to CBD (Section 4)

Now let’s take a look at the different delivery methods of CBD and some of the things that effect its potency and how it makes us feel.

Using CBD

Let’s take some time to discuss the actual use of CBD. With CBD having a wide range of potencies and different ingestion methods, it’s important to understand the advantages and drawbacks of each.

Bioavailability

Bioavailability is the percentage of any active compound available to your body for use out of each serving, making this an essential factor in the oil’s potency.

For example, a CBD oil with 75% bioavailability would mean your body could use 75% of the CBD you consume. No matter your method of ingestion, some percentage of the CBD will become unusable to your body. Whether it is because it is trapped in fatty acids or broken down (metabolized) before reaching the bloodstream. The only way to achieve 100% bioavailability would be to inject the CBD directly into your bloodstream. Therefore, any form of CBD injection should be done only by a medical professional.

Tinctures

A tincture is a solution of oil and highly concentrated herbal extracts. Extracts have been used in folk medicine for hundreds of years and have a high bioavailability due to their quick absorption by the body. One drawback to tinctures is that they are not convenient for travel as you risk spillage.

Oil Capsules

CBD capsules are generally made of quick-dissolving gelatin, which melts quickly once swallowed. CBD Wellness Store’s soft-gels utilize a patent-pending water-soluble nanoemulsion technology. The nanoemulsion suspends the CBD droplets at 4 to 200 times smaller than the industry standard, making for a higher than average absorption rate.

 

If you are choosing oil capsules as your method of CBD delivery, it is best to take them with food. Taking them on an empty stomach can lead to most of your dose being absorbed by your stomach lining and losing most of the benefits.

Infused Topicals

A topical can be an oil, salve, cream, or lotion that has been infused with CBD oils. These are usually used for localized pain relief or skin issues such as rash or eczema. Infused topicals can also contain additional skin-benefiting ingredients like aloe, vitamins, and moisturizers. However, as mentioned above, topicals work specifically in the area they are applied to, so for generalized pain or all-over skin health, you may be better off with an oral solution.

How Long Does It Take?

There is no one answer to this question because everyone’s body reacts differently due to a host of factors. For example, a person’s age, weight, metabolism, and circulation are only some elements that affect CBD absorption. There are also factors that are dependent on the CBD oil itself and the method of ingestion. A general rule of thumb is that tinctures will be faster than edibles, and inhaled CBD is usually the quickest method, with almost instant results. Capsules and edibles can take anywhere from 20 minutes to an hour, with tinctures usually taking effect after 10-15 minutes.

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Other Things To Consider

With so many options surrounding CBD use, from potency to method of ingestion and intended effects, the details of CBD use can vary significantly from one person to another. Factors including our age, weight, activity level and even the number of cannabinoid receptors in our brains vary greatly. Here are some things to consider about yourself and your lifestyle to help you make the best decision for you.

Lifestyle

Are you a person who is frequently on the go and will want to have your CBD available to you throughout the day? Some products, like tinctures, work quickly but run the risk of breaking or spilling if kept in a purse or gym bag. No one wants to clean up an unnecessary mess, or waste money on broken bottles. For CBD on the go, capsules or edibles tend to be a more stable option. These are also a more discreet option that makes them ideal for use in a public setting.

Delivery

The reason for using CBD should be considered when choosing a delivery method. For example, balms and salves are an excellent choice for skin issues or localized pain, but they are not so helpful with anxiety or sleep struggles. Vaping CBD oil is the fastest and often most potent form of delivery, but there is a lot of social stigma attached to smoking, as well as the still questionable effects on our lungs. Plus it is outright banned in most public places, so this is really a method best used at home.

Time

As we discussed earlier, different methods of consumption take various amounts of time to take effect. If you are taking CBD for general wellness or sleep support, edibles or oil capsules are probably a good option, with their longer release cycles and more reliable serving sizes. However, if you are looking to CBD to help curb anxiety attacks or pain flare ups as they occur, a tincture or vapor product is a good option as they have much quicker turnarounds. Many people choose to take their CBD like they would any other vitamin, on a set daily schedule. This can help maintain a set level of CBD in your body and ensure you are getting consistent results. This method is most often used by people taking CBD to help with mood issues or regular pain such as arthritis.

Bioavailability

If you recall, bioavailability is the amount of CBD that makes it into your bloodstream and is available for your body to utilize, which makes it a significant factor in your product choice. Items like oil capsules and edibles will also have differing levels of bioavailability depending on if you take them with food or on an empty stomach. Taking edibles or capsules on an empty stomach means that more of the CBD will be trapped in fatty acids or in your stomach lining and you will lose some of the bioavailability, which is why we always recommend eating at the same time or shortly before using these products.

Serving Accuracy

The amount of CBD you are taking is one of the most crucial factors in achieving your desired results. As we discussed before, not enough, and you won’t receive the full benefits, whereas too much can make you drowsy.

Edibles and oil capsules contain tightly regulated dosages, which make it easy to determine just how much you are ingesting. On the other hand, vaping is much trickier to gauge as the amount depends not only on the concentration of CBD in the product but also on how much and how deeply you inhale the vapors.

 

It is also important that you are purchasing your CBD products from a company with strict production policies which help maintain serving sizes and potency from one batch of product to the next.

Serving Suggestions

Many CBD products come with suggested serving sizes listed on their label. These are a great place to start, but also remember all of the personal factors we discussed in the last section. The suggested serving may be too little or too much for an individual without considering these.
The ingredient list on the CBD label can also affect the potency and how much you should be taking. You may remember that some oils have the terpenes filtered out and therefore are missing out on the benefits of the entourage effect. For this reason, they are generally considered less potent than full-spectrum oils. Some oils have the THC filtered out but still maintain their other naturally occurring cannabinoids and their terpenes. This is why it is so important to read the product labels.

 

Learning your ideal serving can take a little bit of time and experimentation. So here are some general rules to help you find the right amount for you:

Pick One Product

Choose one CBD product and stick with it for a while. It is much harder to dial in your dosage if you switch back and forth or double up on products.

Start Low

It is best to start slowly and up your serving size as needed. So for a person weighing 160 lbs can start with a15mg serving of CBD tincture oil and then up your serving by a quarter dropper at a time until you find the desired results.

Begin at Bedtime

When you are first starting on your CBD journey, it’s generally a good idea to take your first doses an hour or two before you plan on going to bed. This is because CBD can make some people drowsy, and if you are one of those people, better to learn that close to bedtime as opposed to in the morning when you have things to accomplish. If all is well and you don’t feel the urge to nap after taking CBD the first few times move on to daytime use.

Increase Your Serving Size Slowly

If you are not achieving your desired results after a couple of days, try increasing your dosage. Try this increased serving size for a few days, and then adjust accordingly. If you find yourself feeling sleepy or unmotivated, cut back a couple of mgs. It may even be beneficial for you to keep a journal or written log of how much you are taking and what effects you are noticing until you find your sweet spot.

Comprehensive Guide to CBD (Section 5)

Are You Getting High-Quality CBD?

With the advances in science and the loosening of legal restrictions, you would be hard-pressed to find a more quickly expanding market than that for CBD products.

 

But how do you know if you are getting your money’s worth? Because, like any rapidly growing business, dishonest people are looking to make a quick dollar at others’ expense. According to a recent FDA report, almost 25% of CBD products they tested did not contain CBD amounts equal to what was listed on the labeling.

Here are some ways to ensure the CBD you are getting is of good quality.

Plant of Origin

It’s one thing to know who your CBD supplier is, but who is their hemp supplier? You aren’t going to get a high-quality finished product if you start with an inferior hemp plant.

Even though the hemp industry in the United States is still in the process of rebuilding after decades of tight restrictions, the hemp grown here is some of the best in the world. Western European products also trend towards the top of the quality scale.

Do not be deceived by the lower online prices of CBD products from China and southern Asia. Their prices are lower because these countries have fewer regulations, and their products are often grown with pesticides which are illegal here, and refined using harsh chemical methods.

 

Another thing to be aware of is what type of hemp plant your CBD is coming from. Recall from earlier that industrial hemp is cultivated for fibers, not its cannabinoid and terpene content. On the other hand, PCR hemp is grown with the intent of creating the best ratio of cannabinoids and terpenes and will result in a more potent CBD.

The Other Ingredients

Most CBD products are going to contain at least a few other ingredients. For example, carrier oils like hemp seed, coconut, and almond oils are usually high quality and are easily processed by our bodies.

 

Be wary of products that contain an extensive list of ingredients or ingredients that sound like they belong on the back of a shampoo bottle. For example, polyethylene glycol is often found in CBD vaping oils. While it has FDA approval, this synthetic compound is also used in cleaners and detergents, and there is evidence it can be irritating to the lungs.

 

An exception to this is medium-chain triglycerides or MCT oil. MCT is a natural compound found in coconut oil with several health benefits and is actually easier for our bodies to process than raw coconut oil. So if you are unsure about an ingredient, do a quick internet find out if it is something you want to put in your body.

Quality Testing

The potency of CBD oil can and does vary from one batch to another. Reputable companies understand this and want to ensure their labeling is as accurate as possible. A good company should be able to provide lab reports for any batch of their products currently on sale. Testing by a third-party lab is important to determine potency and rule out contaminants and identify any trace amounts of THC. All CBD Wellness Store product labels include a QR code that can be scanned with a smart phone and to view 3rd party lab reports that show the potency and purity of the product.

Health Claims

While we are learning more and more about the positive benefits of CBD, some companies will exaggerate these effects in an attempt to sell more of their product. The FDA does not approve CBD for the treatment or cure of any diseases, and consumers should be skeptical of any company making such claims.

Synthetic CBD

Synthetic cannabinoid products, often called “K2” or “Spice,” have been gaining popularity due to the claims that they mimic the feeling given by THC but are undetectable by drug tests. The ingredients in these products can vary significantly from brand to brand and even batch to batch. We would urge everyone never to purchase these products as they are unreliable and can be extremely dangerous. Nausea, chest pain, seizure, hallucinations, and violent behavior are only some of the side effects the CDC warns are associated with them.

What have we learned?

  • CBD is a safe and naturally occurring compound in cannabis plants beneficial for many issues, including anxiety, muscle-joint discomfort and insomnia.
  • CBD is derived from hemp, not marijuana, and does not contain enough THC to create an altered mindset.
  • The most potent CBD products will come from PCR hemp plants and include a broad or full spectrum of compounds.
  • Cannabinoids and terpenes working together will result in a superior CBD product.
  • CBD comes in a wide range of products, including tinctures, oils, soft-gels, and creams to suit your usage needs.
  • Different people will require a different servings size of CBD to achieve their desired results, and getting your serving size dialed in may take a few tries.
  • Choosing a reputable and reliable CBD company that is transparent about its practices and has third-party testing performed on its products is crucial.
  • Do not buy or use synthetic CBD products!

Hopefully, this has helped you feel more confident and prepared as you start on your CBD wellness journey. If you have any remaining questions, please do not hesitate to reach out at 412-347-2478; we are always happy to share our knowledge and point someone in the right direction!